Install Grafana on Debian 12 Bookworm

In this guide, you will learn to Install and Configure the Grafana Monitoring & Analitycs Tool in the Latest Stable Version on Debian 12 Bookworm. By using Grafana you can study, analyze & monitor data over a period of time, technically called time-series analytics.

In this guide, we will install Grafana Enterprise and it is available for free and includes all the features of the OSS edition. 

Steps To Install and Configure Grafana on Debian 12 Bookworm

To complete this guide, you must have access to your server as a non-root user with sudo privileges and set up a basic firewall. To do this, you can follow this guide on Initial Server Setup with Debian 12 Bookworm.

Now follow the steps below to complete your Grafana Enterprise installation on Debian 12.

Step 1 – Install Required Packages for Grafana

First, you must run the system update with the following command:

sudo apt update

Then, run the command below to install the required packages:

sudo apt install -y apt-transport-https software-properties-common wget

Step 2 – Add Grafana Repository Signing Key on Debian 12

At this point, you must add the Grafana GPG key to your server under /usr/share/keyrings/grafana.key directory by using the following wget command:

sudo wget -q -O /usr/share/keyrings/grafana.key https://apt.grafana.com/gpg.key

When you are done, proceed to the next step to add the Grafana stable repository.

Step 3 – Add Grafana Stable Repository on Debian 12

Now you need to add a repository for stable releases by using the following command on your server:

echo "deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/grafana.key] https://apt.grafana.com stable main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/grafana.list

Step 4 – Install Grafana latest Enterprise release on Debian 12

At this point, you need to run the system update and install the Grafana LTS on your server. To do this, run the following commands:

# sudo apt update
# sudo apt install grafana-enterprise -y

When your installation is completed, you can start your Grafana service.

Step 5 – Start and Enable Grafana on Debian 12

Now you can use the command below to start your Grafna service:

sudo systemctl start grafana-server

Then, enable your service to start on boot by using the command below:

sudo systemctl enable grafana-server

Verify your Grafana service is active and running on Debian 12 with the following command:

sudo systemctl status grafana-server
Output
● grafana-server.service - Grafana instance
     Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/grafana-server.service; enabled; prese>
     Active: active (running) since Mon 2023-06-19 04:09:52 EDT; 1min 9s ago
       Docs: http://docs.grafana.org
   Main PID: 26292 (grafana)
      Tasks: 12 (limit: 4653)
     Memory: 77.6M
        CPU: 4.843s
     CGroup: /system.slice/grafana-server.service
...

Step 6 – Configure UFW Firewall for Grafana

At this point, we assumed that you have enabled the UFW firewall. So you need to allow Grafana port which is port 3000 through the Debian 12 firewall with the following command:

sudo ufw allow 3000/tcp

Then, reload the firewall to apply the new rules:

sudo ufw reload

Note: You check this guide on UFW Configuration on Debian 12 to get more information about the UFW firewall.

Step 7 – How To Access Grafana Dashboard through Web Interface?

Now you can access the Grafana We interface by typing your server’s IP address in your web browser followed by 3000:

http://Server_IP:3000/

You will see the Grafna login screen. The default username and password is admin. Enter it and click Log in.

Grafana login screen

Then, you’re required to change immediately after authenticating. Enter your desired password and click Submit.

Change default Grafana password

Next, you will see your Grafana dashboard on Debian 12.

Grafana dashboard Debian 12

From here you can start to monitor your data. You can proceed to the next step to create your first dashboard with Grafana.

Step 8 – How To Create a Dashboard with Grafana?

To create your first dashboard, click Dashboards in the left-side menu.

Grafana dashboards

Then, click New and select New Dashboard from the dropdown menu.

Select new Grafana dashboard

Next, click on + Add visualization.

Add a Visualization on Grafana

From the data source, click — Grafana —.

Grafana data source Debian 12

This configures your query and generates the Random Walk dashboard. Click the Refresh dashboard icon to query the data source. And click Save to save the dashboard.

Refresh Grafana dashboard

Enter a name for your password and click save.

Enter a grafana dashboard name

That’s it, you have created your first dashboard with Grafana.

Grafana new dashboard on Debian 12

For more information, you can visit the Grafana Documentation page.

Conclusion

At this point, you have learned to Install and Configure the Grafana Monitoring & Analitycs Tool in the Latest Stable Version on Debian 12 Bookworm. Also, you have learned to build your first dashboard by using Grafana.

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