Install Apache ActiveMQ on AlmaLinux 8

This guide will teach you to Install Apache ActiveMQ on AlmaLinux 8 and Access To Apache ActiveMQ web console. In simple words, Apache ActiveMQ is a popular, open-source, broker, multi-protocol messaging server that is written in Java.

Here are some fantastic features of Apache ActiveMQ:

  • JMS Compliant
  • Connectivity Options
  • Pluggable Architecture
  • Multi-Platform
  • Broker Cluster
  • Features Rich
  • Simple Administration Interface

Now proceed to the following steps to start your Apache ActiveMQ installation.

Complete Guide To Install Apache ActiveMQ on AlmaLinux 8

To complete your Apache ActiveMQ installation, you need some requirements:

Requirements

You must have access to your server as a non-root user with sudo privileges and set up a basic firewall. To do this, you can follow our guide on Initial Server Setup with AlmaLinux 8.

Because Apache ActiveMQ is written in Java, you must have Java installed on your server. For this purpose, you can use this guide on Set up OpenJDK 19 on AlmaLinux 8.

Also, you need to put your SELinux in permissive mode. To do this, you can check this guide on Disable SELinux on AlmaLinux.

Now follow the steps below to complete your Apache ActiveMQ installation and access your admin console.

Step 1 – Download Apache ActiveMQ Binary Package for Linux

At this point, you need to visit the Apache ActiveMQ downloads page and get the latest binary package for Linux by using the following wget command:

sudo wget https://dlcdn.apache.org//activemq/5.18.1/apache-activemq-5.18.1-bin.tar.gz

Then, extract your downloaded file by using the command below:

sudo tar xvf apache-activemq-5.18.1-bin.tar.gz

After that, you need to move your ActiveMQ directory to the /opt directory with the following command:

sudo mv apache-activemq-*/ /opt/apache-activemq

You can use the following command to list your ActiveMQ directory:

ls -lh /opt/apache-activemq/

In your output you will see:

Output
total 11M
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  11M Apr 10 01:10 activemq-all-5.18.1.jar
drwxr-xr-x 5 root root 4.0K Jun  3 06:00 bin
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4.0K Jun  3 06:00 conf
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4.0K Jun  3 06:00 data
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4.0K Jun  3 06:00 docs
drwxr-xr-x 7 root root 4.0K Apr 10 01:10 examples
drwxr-xr-x 6 root root 4.0K Jun  3 06:00 lib
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  40K Apr 10 01:10 LICENSE
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 3.3K Apr 10 01:10 NOTICE
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2.6K Apr 10 01:10 README.txt
drwxr-xr-x 6 root root 4.0K Jun  3 06:00 webapps
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4.0K Jun  3 06:00 webapps-demo

Step 2 – Create a systemd Unit File for Apache ActiveMQ

To manage your ActiveMQ service on AlmaLinux 8, you need to create a systemd unit file for ActiveMQ.

First, you need to create an ActiveMQ user to run the service by using the command below:

sudo useradd activemq

Set the correct permissions for the ActiveMQ directory with the ActiveMQ user:

sudo chown -R activemq:activemq /opt/apache-activemq/

Then, use the following command to create your ActiveMQ systemd unit file:

Here we use the vi editor, you can use your favorite text editor.

sudo vi /etc/systemd/system/apache-activemq.service

Add the following content to the file:

[Unit]
Description=Apache ActiveMQ Messaging Server
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=forking
User=activemq
Group=activemq

ExecStart=/opt/apache-activemq/bin/activemq start
ExecStop=/opt/apache-activemq/bin/activemq stop

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

When you are done, save and close the file.

Next, reload the system daemon with the following command:

sudo systemctl daemon-reload 

Now you can run the commands below to start and enable your Apache ActiveMQ service:

# sudo systemctl enable apache-activemq.service 
# sudo systemctl start apache-activemq.service

Verify your ActiveMQ is running and active on AlmaLinux 8 by using the following command:

sudo systemctl status apache-activemq.service
Output
   Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/apache-activemq.service; enabled; vendor>
   Active: active (running) since Sat 2023-06-03 06:34:06 EDT; 5s ago
  Process: 49118 ExecStart=/opt/apache-activemq/bin/activemq start (code=exited>
 Main PID: 49189 (java)
    Tasks: 48 (limit: 23668)
   Memory: 179.3M
   CGroup: /system.slice/apache-activemq.service
           └─49189 /usr/bin/java -Xms64M -Xmx1G -Djava.util.logging.config.fi
...

Step 3 – Change ActiveMQ Admin Password on AlmaLinux 8

At this point, you need to change the default ActiveMQ admin user password on AlmaLinux 8. Open the ActiveMQ config file by using the command below:

sudo vi /opt/apache-activemq/conf/jetty-realm.properties

Now you need to change the following lines with your desired password as shown below:

# username: password [,rolename ...]
admin: adminpassword, admin
user: userpassword, user

When you are done, save and close the file.

Then, restart your ActiveMQ service to apply the changes:

sudo systemctl restart apache-activemq

Step 4 – Configure Nginx as a Reverse Proxy for Apache ActiveMQ

At this point, we use Nginx as a reverse proxy for ActiveMQ on AlmaLinux 8.

First, install the Nginx web server with the following command:

sudo dnf install nginx -y

Then, create a new Nginx virtual host configuration file for ActiveMQ with the following command:

vi /etc/nginx/conf.d/activemq.conf

Add the following content to the file:

server {
    listen 80;
    server_name your-server-ip;
    location / {
        proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8161;
        proxy_http_version 1.1;
        proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
        proxy_set_header Connection 'upgrade';
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_cache_bypass $http_upgrade;
     }
}

When you are done, save and close the file.

Next, check Nginx for any syntax error with the following command:

nginx -t
Output
nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful

Finally, start and enable Nginx with the following commands:

# sudo systemctl start nginx
# sudo systemctl enable nginx

Step 5 – Configure Firewall for ActiveMQ on AlmaLinux 8

At this point, you need to allow ports 80 and 8161 through firewalld. To do these, run the commands below:

sudo firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-port=8161/tcp
sudo firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-port=80/tcp

Next, reload the firewalld to apply the changes:

sudo firewall-cmd --reload

Step 6 – How To Access Apache ActiveMQ Admin Console?

At this point, you can access your ActiveMQ admin console by typing your server’s IP address in your web browser:

http://your-server-ip

You will see the following screen. Enter your Admin user and password that you have defined in step 3 and click sign in.

Apache Activemq login screen

Then, you need to click on Manage ActiveMQ broker:

ActiveMQ welcome screen

Next, you will see your ActiveMQ admin console as shown below:

ActiveMQ admin console

That’s it you are done.

Conclusion

At this point, you have learned to Install Apache ActiveMQ on AlmaLinux 8 by installing Java, creating a systemd unit file, configuring Nginx as a reverse proxy, and accessing To Apache ActiveMQ web console.

Hope you enjoy it. You may be interested in these articles on the Orcacore website:

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