Sunday, September 25, 2022

Install Postfix Mail Server on Rocky Linux 8

This tutorial intends to teach you How To Install Postfix Mail Server on Rocky Linux 8.

Postfix is a popular free and open-source software that acts as a mail transfer agent (MTA). The job of Postfix is to route and deliver emails. Besides the classic usage, Postfix can also be configured to send emails by local applications only.

This application of Postfix is a useful trick to deploy in various situations. For example, it can be used when sending email notifications regularly, working with a third-party email service provider with limited outbound traffic, etc. Compared to any full-fledged SMTP server, Postfix is a lighter alternative that at the same time retains the necessary functionalities.

Install and Configure Postfix Mail Server on Rocky Linux 8

To install Postfix, you need to log in to your server as a non-root user with sudo privileges. To do this, you can follow our guide the Initial Server Setup with Rocky Linux 8.

Now follow the steps below to complete this guide.

Steps To Install Postfix on Rocky Linux 8

First, you need to update your local package index with the following command:

sudo dnf update -y

Then, run the command below to check whether Sendmail is installed or not:

rpm -qa | grep sendmail

If you didn’t get any output that means you don’t have Sendmail installed and you can keep going.

If you have Sendmail installed on your server, you need to remove it with the following command:

sudo dnf remove sendmail*

At this point, you can check whether you have Postfix installed on your server or not:

rpm -qa | grep postfix

Next, if you don’t have it installed on your server, use the command below to install Postfix on Rocky Linux 8:

sudo dnf install postfix

Configure Postfix on Rocky Linux 8

At this point, you need to make some configuration changes to the Postfix main configuration file on Rocky Linux 8.

First, open the file with your favorite text editor, here we use vi:

sudo vi /etc/postfix/main.cf

At the file, uncomment the myhostname line and set it to your hostname:

myhostname = your-hostname

Uncomment and set the domain name at the line below:

mydomain = your-domain-name

Also, uncomment the line below:

myorigin = $mydomain

Uncomment and Set ipv4 at the following line:

inet_interfaces = all

Set the line below to all:

inet_protocols = all

Comment on the following line:

#mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain, localhost,

Uncomment and add IP range at the following line:

mynetworks = 192.168.1.0/24, 127.0.0.0/8

Finally, uncomment the line below:

home_mailbox = Maildir/

When you are done, save and close the file.

At this point, you need to start and enable your Postfix Mail server with the following commands:

# sudo systemctl enable postfix
# sudo systemctl restart postfix

Verify that your Postfix service is active and running on Rocky Linux 8:

sudo systemctl status postfix
Output
● postfix.service - Postfix Mail Transport Agent
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/postfix.service; enabled; vendor pre>
   Active: active (running) since Thu 2022-09-08 03:09:59 EDT; 4s ago
  Process: 89849 ExecStart=/usr/sbin/postfix start (code=exited, status=0/SUCCE>
  Process: 89848 ExecStartPre=/usr/libexec/postfix/chroot-update (code=exited, >
  Process: 89843 ExecStartPre=/usr/libexec/postfix/aliasesdb (code=exited, stat>
  Process: 89841 ExecStartPre=/usr/sbin/restorecon -R /var/spool/postfix/pid/ma>
 Main PID: 89918 (master)
    Tasks: 3 (limit: 11413)
   Memory: 5.1M
   CGroup: /system.slice/postfix.service
           ├─89918 /usr/libexec/postfix/master -w
           ├─89919 pickup -l -t unix -u
           └─89920 qmgr -l -t unix -u

Testing Postfix on Rocky Linux

At this point, you need to create a new user for testing. To do this, run the command below:

sudo useradd postfixtester

Add a password for your user:

sudo passwd postfixtester

When you are done, you will get the following output:

Output
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.

After adding the user let’s check the server access using telnet. If you don’t have telnet installed on your server, use the command below to install telnet on Rocky Linux 8:

sudo dnf install telnet

Then, run the following command:

telnet localhost smtp

Once you have successfully done the configuration you will get the following output:

Output
Trying ::1…
Connected to localhost.
Escape character is '^]'.
220 your-hostname ESMTP Postfix

Start your transaction by writing the below command:

ehlo localhost
250-hostname
250-PIPELINING
250-SIZE 10240000
250-VRFY
250-ETRN
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-8BITMIME
250 DSN

Once you get 250 DSN you can send mail.

Finally! You have postfix installed and emails getting sent! You are all set to use your server as your private SMTP server to send emails.

For more information, you can visit the Postfix Documentation page.

Conclusion

At this point, you learn to Install Postfix Mail Server on Rocky Linux 8.

Hope you enjoy it.

You may be interested in these articles:

How To Install Google Chrome on Rocky Linux 8

Install and Configure GlassFish on Rocky Linux 8

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