Monitor Network Traffic With Ntopng on Debian 12

In this guide, you will learn to Monitor Network Traffic With Ntopng on Debian 12 Bookworm. Ntopng is an open-source and security network monitoring tool. Also, you can use this tool to capture packets, record traffic, and probe the network.

This tutorial tries to provide a step-by-step guide to install Ntopng on Debian 12 access it through the Web interface and monitor your network.

Steps To Monitor Network Traffic With Ntopng on Debian 12

Before you start your Ntopng setup on your Debian 12, you need some requirements. You must log in to your server as a non-root user with sudo privileges and set up a basic UFW firewall. For this purpose, you can visit this guide on Initial Server Setup with Debian 12 Bookworm.

Note: You can also find more information about UFW firewall by visiting this guide on Configure Firewall with UFW on Debian 12 Bookworm.

Now follow the steps below to complete this guide.

Step 1 – Prepare Debian 12 for Ntong Setup

First, you must run the Debian system update by using the following command:

sudo apt update

Step 2 – Install Ntopng Network Monitoring Tool on Debian 12

Ntopng packages that are available for Debian 12 Bookworm are nightly built at the current time. First, switch to your /tmp directory:

cd /tmp

Then, use the following wget command to download the Ntopng packages:

sudo wget https://packages.ntop.org/apt/bookworm/all/apt-ntop.deb

When your download is completed, you can use the command below to install the Ntopng repository:

sudo apt install ./apt-ntop.deb

At this point, you can easily install your Ntop packages by using the commands below on Debian 12:

# sudo apt clean all
# sudo apt update
# sudo apt install pfring-dkms nprobe ntopng n2disk cento ntap

When your installation is completed, proceed to the next step to configure your Ntopng.

Step 3 – Ntopng Configuration on Debian 12

At this point, you need to make some configuration changes to the Ntopng configuration file. You can open the file with your favorite text editor, we use the vi editor:

sudo vi /etc/ntopng/ntopng.conf

At the file, find the -w directive and uncomment it:

-w=3000

When you are done, save and close the file.

Note: The -w value specifies the port used in the web interface. You can customize it but remember to open it in the firewall.

# sudo ufw allow 3000/tcp
# sudo ufw reload

At this point, restart the Ntopng service on Debian 12 with the command below:

sudo systemctl restart ntopng

Also, verify your service is active and running on your server:

sudo systemctl status ntopng
Output
● ntopng.service - ntopng high-speed web-based traffic monitoring and analysis >
     Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/ntopng.service; enabled; preset: enabl>
     Active: active (running) since Wed 2023-08-30 07:14:25 EDT; 20s ago
    Process: 6375 ExecStartPre=/bin/sh -c /usr/bin/ntopng-utils-manage-config ->
    Process: 6389 ExecStartPre=/bin/sh -c /bin/cat /etc/ntopng/ntopng.conf > /r>
    Process: 6391 ExecStartPre=/bin/sh -c /bin/cat /etc/ntopng/ntopng.conf.d/*.>
    Process: 6393 ExecStartPre=/bin/sh -c /bin/sed "/^[ ]*-e.*$\|^[ ]*-G.*\|^[ >
   Main PID: 6395 (ntopng-main)
      Tasks: 23 (limit: 4653)
     Memory: 286.1M
        CPU: 5.643s
     CGroup: /system.slice/ntopng.service
             └─6395 /usr/bin/ntopng /run/ntopng.conf

Step 4 – Access Ntopng Web Interface Dashboard To Monitor Network Traffic

At this point, you can access your Ntopng web interface by typing your server’s IP address in your web browser followed by 3000 or the specified port you have defined:

http://server-IP:3000

You will see your Ntopng login screen. You need to enter the admin as username and password and click login.

username: admin 
password: admin
Ntopng Login screen Debian 12

Next, you need to change your Ntopng default password. Enter your new password and click change password.

Ntopng change default password Debian 12

You will see your Ntopng Traffic Dashboard on Debian 12 via the Web interface.

Ntopng Traffic Dashboard

From the Ntopng dashboard, you can do many things such as:

Ntopng Traffic Dashboard Can Do:
Passive monitor traffic by passively capturing network traffic
Collect network flows (NetFlow, sFlow, and IPFIX)
Actively monitor selected network devices
Monitor a network infrastructure via SNMP

Conclusion

At this point, you have learned to add and install the Ntopng repository to your Debian 12 server and Configure it to Access the Ntopng dashboard to Monitor Network traffic with it. As we explained Ntopng can do many things from the monitoring web interface dashboard.

Hope you enjoy using it. If you need any help or have an idea, please comment for us.

Also, you may be interested in these articles too:

Network Bridge Configuration on Debian 12 Linux

Set up Nginx with Brotli Compression on Debian 12 Bookworm

Install Google Chrome on Debian 12 Bookworm

1 COMMENT
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