Use pip to Install Python packages on Linux

In this guide, you will learn to Use the pip install command to Install Python packages on Linux. Pip is a tool that can be used for installing and managing Python packages. It is a simple and easy-to-use tool that you can manage your Python packages. You can follow the steps below to install the pip command on Linux distros and start using it.

Steps To Use pip to Install Python packages on Linux

Before you start, you must have access to your server as a root or non-root user with sudo privileges. Then, follow the steps below to complete this guide.

Step 1 – Install the Latest Pip Command for all Linux Users

The pip command line tool is not installed by default on Linux distros. To install the latest pip command which is Pip 3, follow the steps below.

Install pip command on Debian / Ubuntu

On Debian-based distros, you can run the system update and use the command below to install pip:

# sudo apt update
# sudo apt install python3-pip

Install pip command on AlmaLinux / Rocky Linux / RHEL

To install pip on RHEL-based distros, you need to install Epel repo and use the commands below to install pip:

# sudo dnf update
# sudo dnf install epel-release -y
# sudo dnf install python3-pip

Step 3 – Install Python Packages with Pip Command on Linux

At this point, you can use the pip command to manage your Python packages. Then, you can list all commands with pip by running the command below:

pip3 help
  pip3 <command> [options]

  install                     Install packages.
  download                    Download packages.
  uninstall                   Uninstall packages.
  freeze                      Output installed packages in requirements format.
  list                        List installed packages.
  show                        Show information about installed packages.
  check                       Verify installed packages have compatible dependencies.
  config                      Manage local and global configuration.
  search                      Search PyPI for packages.
  cache                       Inspect and manage pip's wheel cache.
  index                       Inspect information available from package indexes.
  wheel                       Build wheels from your requirements.
  hash                        Compute hashes of package archives.
  completion                  A helper command used for command completion.
  debug                       Show information useful for debugging.
  help                        Show help for commands.

General Options:
  -h, --help                  Show help.
  --isolated                  Run pip in an isolated mode, ignoring
                              environment variables and user configuration.
  -v, --verbose               Give more output. Option is additive, and can be
                              used up to 3 times.
  -V, --version               Show version and exit.
  -q, --quiet                 Give less output. Option is additive, and can be
                              used up to 3 times (corresponding to WARNING,
                              ERROR, and CRITICAL logging levels).
  --log <path>                Path to a verbose appending log.
  --no-input                  Disable prompting for input.
  --proxy <proxy>             Specify a proxy in the form
  --retries <retries>         Maximum number of retries each connection should
                              attempt (default 5 times).
  --timeout <sec>             Set the socket timeout (default 15 seconds).
  --exists-action <action>    Default action when a path already exists:
                              (s)witch, (i)gnore, (w)ipe, (b)ackup, (a)bort.
  --trusted-host <hostname>   Mark this host or host:port pair as trusted,
                              even though it does not have valid or any HTTPS.
  --cert <path>               Path to PEM-encoded CA certificate bundle. If
                              provided, overrides the default. See 'SSL
                              Certificate Verification' in pip documentation
                              for more information.
  --client-cert <path>        Path to SSL client certificate, a single file
                              containing the private key and the certificate
                              in PEM format.
  --cache-dir <dir>           Store the cache data in <dir>.
  --no-cache-dir              Disable the cache.
                              Don't periodically check PyPI to determine
                              whether a new version of pip is available for
                              download. Implied with --no-index.
  --no-color                  Suppress colored output.
                              Silence deprecation warnings for upcoming
                              unsupported Pythons.
  --use-feature <feature>     Enable new functionality, that may be backward
  --use-deprecated <feature>  Enable deprecated functionality, that will be
                              removed in the future.

At this point, you can easily install your Python packages with pip. For example, we want to install the OpenStack Horizon dashboard. To do this, we can use the command below:

pip install horizon
Collecting horizon
  Downloading horizon-23.3.0-py3-none-any.whl (5.2 MB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 5.2 MB 2.1 MB/s
Collecting semantic-version>=2.3.1
  Downloading semantic_version-2.10.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl (15 kB)
Collecting XStatic-Font-Awesome>=
  Downloading XStatic_Font_Awesome- (6.5 MB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 6.5 MB 30.9 MB/s
Collecting XStatic-JSEncrypt>=
  Downloading XStatic_JSEncrypt- (35 kB)
Requirement already satisfied: requests>=2.25.1 in /usr/lib/python3.9/site-packages (from horizon) (2.25.1)
Collecting XStatic-Angular-FileUpload>=

Pip Search Command is banned by Python

At the current time, if you use the pip search command, you may get the following error:

ERROR: XMLRPC request failed [code: -32500]
RuntimeError: PyPI no longer supports 'pip search' (or XML-RPC search). Please use (via a browser) instead. See for more information.

The Python developers said that they were experiencing “hundreds of thousands of search calls per hour” and the XML-RPC API had already been determined to be deprecated before this happened.

Note: You can search for the packages directly from the site.


At this point, you have learned to Install the latest pip command on Linux distributions and use it to manage your Python packages. You just keep in mind that the Pip search command is deprecated. To resolve this, you can use the original site to search for your desired packages. Hope you enjoy it.

Also, you may be interested in these articles:

Execute Shell Commands in Python with Examples

Run a Python Script in a Linux Docker Container

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