GlassFish Server Setup on Debian 12 Bookworm

This guide will teach you a comprehensive GlassFish Server Setup on Debian 12 Bookworm. GlassFish is an open-source application server designed to support the development and deployment of Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE) applications. Also, it provides a powerful, scalable, and high-performance runtime environment for Java EE applications. It enables developers to build and deploy enterprise-grade applications with ease.

Here we will show you how to Install and Configure GlassFish Server on Debian 12 and Access the dashboard through the Web interface.

A Comprehensive Guide For GlassFish Server Setup on Debian 12 Bookworm

Before you start your GlassFish setup, you must access your server as a non-root user with sudo privileges and set up a basic firewall. For this purpose, you can check the following articles:

Initial Server Setup with Debian 12

UFW Configuration on Debian 12

Because GlassFish is designed to support the Java platform, you must install Java. To do this, you can visit the following guide and install the default JDK:

Install Java with Apt on Debian 12

Now follow the steps below to complete this guide.

Step 1 – Verify Java Installation For GlassFish Server Setup

In this guide, we will install Eclipse GlassFish. Eclipse GlassFish is a complete application server that implements the Jakarta EE specification. Currently, the latest version of the GlassFish server is 7.0.12. It is compatible with JDK 11 and JDK 17. Also, it runs from JDK 18 to JDK 21 as well.

The default Java on Debian 12 is JDK 17. To verify it, you can run the command below:

java --version
Verify Java Installation For GlassFish Server Setup

Step 2 – Download Latest Eclipse GlassFish on Debian 12

You must visit the official downloads page and use the following wget command to download the latest Zip package. To do this, you can navigate to your /opt directory and run the command below:

# cd /opt
# sudo wget

Once your download is completed, extract it with the command below:

sudo unzip

Step 3 – Start and Enable GlassFish Server on Debian 12

To manage your GlassFish server as a service, you need to create a systemd unit file for it. To do this, you can use your desired text editor like Vi Editor or Nano Editor:

sudo vi /etc/systemd/system/glassfish.service

Add the following content to the file:

Description = GlassFish Server v7.0
After =
ExecStart=/opt/glassfish7/bin/asadmin start-domain
ExecReload=/opt/glassfish7/bin/asadmin restart-domain
ExecStop=/opt/glassfish7/bin/asadmin stop-domain
Type = forking
WantedBy =

Remember to replace the correct path of your GlassFish server installation.

Once you are done, save and close the file.

Then, reload the system service, start and enable your GlassFish service on Debian 12:

# sudo systemctl daemon-reload
# sudo systemctl start glassfish
# sudo systemctl enable glassfish

Now you can verify your GlassFish Service is active and running on your server:

sudo systemctl status glassfish
Start and enable GlassFish as a service

Step 4 – Set an Admin Password For GlassFish Server

The default GlassFish admin password is blank. For more security, you must set a password for your GlassFish admin user on Debian 12. GlassFish has a tool called asadmin that accepts commands for setting up GlassFish via a command line.

To use this command line utility, you must make it executable with the command below:

sudo export PATH=/opt/glassfish7/bin:$PATH

Then, run the following command to set an admin password for GlassFish:

sudo asadmin --port 4848 change-admin-password

You will be asked to enter the admin password, press enter to set a new password:

Set an admin password for GlassFish Server

Now you can enable the secure admin feature for GlassFish. Run the command below:

sudo asadmin --port 4848 enable-secure-admin

Enter the admin user and password to complete it:

enable the secure admin feature for GlassFish

To apply the changes, restart the GlassFish server on Debian 12:

sudo systemctl restart glassfish

Step 5 – Set Firewall Rules For GlassFish Server

At this point, we assumed that you have a running FW firewall. Now you must allow the following ports through your firewall so that you can access your GlassFish dashboard via the web interface:

# sudo ufw allow 4848/tcp
# Sudo ufw allow 8080/tcp

Apply the new rules by reloading the firewall:

sudo ufw reload

Step 6 – Access GlassFish Server Administration Console

At this point, you can access the default GlassFish page by typing your server’s IP address in your web browser followed by 8080:


You will see:

default GlassFish page

Also, you can access the web administrator console by typing your Server’s IP address in your web browser followed by 4848:


You will see the GlassFish Administration console login screen. Enter your Admin user and password you have configured and press Login:

Access GlassFish Server Administration Console

Then, you will see your GlassFish server admin console on Debian 12:

GlassFish server admin console on Debian 12

GlassFish Server Administration Console is a web-based tool used to manage and monitor GlassFish Server instances. From there, you can do many tasks including:

  • Managing Applications
  • Configuring Server
  • Monitoring
  • Managing Resources
  • Security
  • Logs
  • Documentation

Final Words on GlassFish Server Setup

By using the features of the GlassFish Server Administration Console, you can effectively manage and monitor your GlassFish Server instance to ensure optimal performance and reliability. Hope you enjoy this guide on GlassFish Server Setup on Debian12. If you need any help, please comment for us.

Also, you may like to read the following articles:

Install Tesseract OCR on Debian 12 via Terminal

Install and Configure GlassFish on Ubuntu 22.04

Set up GlassFish on AlmaLinux 9

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