In this guide, we want to teach you How To Install and Configure the Latest Stable Git on Centos 7.
Git is a DevOps tool used for source code management. It is a free and open-source version control system used to handle small to very large projects efficiently. Git is used to track changes in the source code, enabling multiple developers to work together on non-linear development.
Steps To Install and Configure Git on Centos 7
To complete this guide, you must log in to your server as a non-root user with sudo privileges. To do this, you can follow our guide the Initial Server Setup with Centos 7.
Install Git From source on Centos 7
Git packages are available in the default Centos repository. But in this guide, we will install Git in the latest version from the source.
First, update your local package index with the command below:
sudo yum update -y
Then, use the following command to install the required packages and dependencies:
sudo yum install gettext-devel curl-devel expat-devel openssl-devel perl-CPAN perl-devel zlib-devel unzip cmake gcc make wget -y
Now you need to visit the Git Release page and find the master zip archive or the latest stable release from Git.
Next, use the wget command to download the Latest git on Centos 7:
sudo wget https://github.com/git/git/archive/refs/tags/v2.39.0.zip
When your download is completed, unzip your file with the command below:
sudo unzip v2.39.0.zip
Switch to your Git directory:
At this point, use the following commands to install Git:
# sudo make prefix=/usr/local all # sudo make prefix=/usr/local install
When you are done, verify your Git installation on Centos 7 by checking its version:
Output git version 2.39.0
Configure Git on Centos 7
At this point, you must configure Git so that the generated commit messages you make will contain the correct information and support you as you build your software project.
You must provide your name and email address because Git embeds this information into each commit you do. To do this, you can use the following commands:
# git config --global user.name "Your Name" # git config --global user.email "[email protected]"
After setting up the user name and email ID, you can verify the details using
git config --list command:
git config --list
Output user.name=Your Name user.email=[email protected]
All the configuration done through the git command will save the information in a file called
.gitconfig in the user’s home directory. So you can also verify the configuration by checking this file using
cat ~/.gitconfig command as shown below:
Output [user] name=Your Name email=[email protected]
Now that you have set up Git on Centos 7, you can try using it by performing git clone operations from GitHub.
We can just clone a repository called wig by using
git clone https://github.com/jekyc/wig.git command as shown below. This will create a directory
wig in your local system and copy all the contents from the repository:
git clone https://github.com/jekyc/wig.git
Output Cloning into 'wig'... remote: Enumerating objects: 4240, done. remote: Total 4240 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 4240 Receiving objects: 100% (4240/4240), 4.47 MiB | 11.45 MiB/s, done. Resolving deltas: 100% (2832/2832), done.
Also, you can check all the subcommands available with the git command using
git help -a command as shown below:
git help -a
At this point, you have learned to Install and Configure Latest Stable Git on Centos 7.
Hope you enjoy it.
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