In this guide, we want to teach you How To Install MariaDB 10.9 on Ubuntu 20.04.
MariaDB is an open-source relational database management system. As with other relational databases, MariaDB stores data in tables made up of rows and columns. Users can define, manipulate, control, and query data using Structured Query Language, more commonly known as SQL.
Steps To Install MariaDB 10.9 on Ubuntu 20.04
To install MariaDB 10.9, you must log in to your server as a non-root user with sudo privileges. To do this, you can follow our guide the Initial Server Setup with Ubuntu 20.04.
Now follow the steps below to complete this guide.
Set up MariaDB 10.9 on Ubuntu 20.04
First, you need to install the required packages and dependencies on your server with the following command:
sudo apt-get install curl software-properties-common dirmngr ca-certificates apt-transport-https -y
Import MariaDB 10.9 GPG Key & Repository
At this point, you need to import the MariaDB 10.9 GPG key and Repository by using the following command:
curl -LsS https://downloads.mariadb.com/MariaDB/mariadb_repo_setup | sudo bash -s -- --mariadb-server-version=10.9
In your output you will see:
Output # [info] Checking for script prerequisites. # [info] MariaDB Server version 10.9 is valid # [info] Repository file successfully written to /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mariadb.list # [info] Adding trusted package signing keys... # [info] Running apt-get update... # [info] Done adding trusted package signing keys
Then, update your local package index with the following command:
sudo apt update
Installing MariaDB 10.9
To install MariaDB, you must install the client and the server packages. To do this, run the command below:
sudo apt install mariadb-server mariadb-client -y
Verify your MariaDB installation by checking its version:
Output mariadb Ver 15.1 Distrib 10.9.2-MariaDB, for debian-linux-gnu (x86_64) using readline 5.2
MariaDB will start automatically on your server. To check that it is active and running on your server, run the following command:
sudo systemctl status mariadb
Output ● mariadb.service - MariaDB 10.9.2 database server Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service; enabled; vendor prese> Drop-In: /etc/systemd/system/mariadb.service.d └─migrated-from-my.cnf-settings.conf Active: active (running) since Mon 2022-09-12 11:35:01 CEST; 1min 13s ago Docs: man:mariadbd(8) https://mariadb.com/kb/en/library/systemd/ Main PID: 9381 (mariadbd) Status: "Taking your SQL requests now…" Tasks: 10 (limit: 2282) Memory: 78.9M CGroup: /system.slice/mariadb.service └─9381 /usr/sbin/mariadbd
Also, you can enable your MariaDB service to start on boot:
sudo systemctl enable mariadb
Run MariaDB Secure Installation Script
At this point, you can secure your MariaDB 10.9 installation on Ubuntu 20.04 by running a security script.
To do this, use the following command:
You will be asked to set a root password for your MariaDB and from there enter yes to answer other questions.
Now you can access your MariaDB shell with the command below:
sudo mysql -u root -p
Enter your root password and press enter.
Output Enter password: Welcome to the MariaDB monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MariaDB connection id is 39 Server version: 10.9.2-MariaDB-1:10.9.2+maria~ubu2004 mariadb.org binary distribution Copyright (c) 2000, 2018, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others. Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. MariaDB [(none)]>
Remove MariaDB 10.9 from Ubuntu 20.04
If you no longer wish to use MariaDB and want to remove it in full, execute the following command:
sudo apt autoremove mariadb-server mariadb-client --purge -y
Note, this will remove MariaDB completely including all database data.
To remove the bash script repository, use the following command.
# sudo rm /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mariadb.list # sudo apt update
For more information, you can visit the MariaDB Documentation Page.
At this point, you learn to Install MariaDB 10.9 on Ubuntu 20.04.
Hope you enjoy it.
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