Install Monit Manager on Debian 11

In this guide, we want to show you to Install Monit Manager on Debian 11.

Monit is a helpful program that automatically monitors and manages server programs to ensure that they not only stay online consistently, but that the file size, checksum, or permissions are always correct. Additionally, Monit comes with a basic web interface through which all of the processes can be set up.

Steps To Install Monit Manager on Debian 11

To complete this guide, you must log in to your server as a non-root user with sudo privileges and set up a basic firewall. To do this, you can follow our guide on Initial Server Setup with Debian 11.

Install Monit o Debian 11

The Monit packages are available in the default Debian 11 repository. First, update your local package index with the command below:

# sudo apt update 
# sudo apt upgrade -y

Then, use the following command to install the Monit:

sudo apt install monit -y

Manage Monit Service

At this point, your Monit service should be activated on your server. To check the status of Monit, run the command below:

sudo systemctl status monit --no-pager -l
● monit.service - LSB: service and resource monitoring daemon
     Loaded: loaded (/etc/init.d/monit; generated)
     Active: active (running) since Mon 2023-03-20 08:09:59 EDT; 13s ago
       Docs: man:systemd-sysv-generator(8)
    Process: 24901 ExecStart=/etc/init.d/monit start (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
      Tasks: 1 (limit: 4679)
     Memory: 1.6M
        CPU: 25ms
     CGroup: /system.slice/monit.service
             └─24911 /usr/bin/monit -c /etc/monit/monitrc

If your service wasn’t started, use the following command:

sudo systemctl start monit

Also, you can check your Monit version:

sudo monit --version
This is Monit version 5.27.2
Built with ssl, with ipv6, with compression, with pam and with large files
Copyright (C) 2001-2020 Tildeslash Ltd. All Rights Reserved.

Configure Monit Service Manager on Debian 11

The Monit program can be configured using the /etc/monit/monitrc file. It is recommended that you do not make your own settings directly in this file. It is better to create a new one for the desired settings.

Enable Monit httpd port

By default, port 2812 is disabled which is used for communicating with Monit. So you need to enable it. To do this, open the Monit config file by using your favorite text editor, here we use the vi editor:

sudo vi /etc/monit/monitrc

Find the line: set httpd port 2812 

There remove the # tag for the following lines. Also, replace the allow and use address value from localhost to if you want to access the Monit web interface remotely as shown below.

You can also change the default password for the admin that is monit.

set httpd port 2812 and 
use address # only accept connection from localhost (drop if you use M/M> 
allow # allow localhost to connect to the server and 
allow admin:monit # require user 'admin' with password 'monit'

When you are done, save and close the file.

To check the Monit configuration, use the command below:

sudo monit -t
Control file syntax OK

Enable Monit Service Manager

By default, the Monit service is not enabled on Debian 11. To enable the Monit service to get started automatically with the system boot, run the command below:

sudo /lib/systemd/systemd-sysv-install enable monit

To apply the changes, restart the service:

sudo systemctl restart monit

Also, you can check that everything is working correctly by using the command below:

sudo monit status
Monit 5.27.2 uptime: 0m

System 'deb.orca'
  status                       OK
  monitoring status            Monitored
  monitoring mode              active
  on reboot                    start
  load average                 [0.00] [0.00] [0.00]
  cpu                          0.0%usr 0.0%sys 0.0%nice 0.0%iowait 0.0%hardirq 0.0%softirq 0.0%steal 0.0%guest 0.0%guestnice
  memory usage                 283.6 MB [7.2%]
  swap usage                   0 B [0.0%]
  uptime                       2d 1h 56m
  boot time                    Sat, 18 Mar 2023 06:19:53
  filedescriptors              608 [0.0% of 9223372036854775807 limit]
  data collected               Mon, 20 Mar 2023 08:15:56

Configure Firewall for Monit

At this point, you need to allow port 2812 through the UFW firewall. To do this, run the command below:

sudo ufw allow 2812

Reload the firewall to apply the new rules:

sudo ufw reload

Access Monit Service Manager Web Interface

At this point, you can access your Monit web interface by typing your server’s IP address in your web browser followed by 2812:


You will see the sign-in screen. Enter the admin user and password you have defined in the Monit config file and click Sign in.

Monit Sign in
Monit Sign in

You will see the following screen:

Monit Service Manager
Monit Service Manager

Add Services In Monit on Debian 11

At this point, you can create a service file for an application to get monitored or can use the pre-configured ones available in the M/Monit folder.

In the /etc/monit/conf-available/ there are several ready-made files for various common server services such as:

acpid, at, mdadm, mysql, openntpd, pdns-recursor, rsyslog, snmpd,
apache2, cron, memcached, nginx, openssh-server, postfix and smartmontools.

In order for Monit to take over the settings for the desired service, a soft link to the service file must be created and activated in the /etc/monit/conf-enabled/.

For example, you want to monitor Nginx using its pre-configured file. To do this, you can use the command below:

sudo ln -s /etc/monit/conf-available/nginx /etc/monit/conf-enabled/

Then, reload the Monit service:

sudo monit reload

In your Monit service manager, you should see:

Add Services In Monit on Ubuntu 22.04
Add Services

If you want to add another service that is not in the ready-made file, you can add it manually.

For example, If you want to detect all information about your system hardware using sensors, you can install it by using the command below:

sudo apt install lm-sensors -y

Then, you need to create the file for it:

sudo vi /etc/monit/conf-available/sensors

Add the following content to it:

check program sensors with path /usr/bin/sensors
if status != 0 then alert

When you are done, save and close the file.

Next, enable it by using the command below:

sudo ln -s /etc/monit/conf-available/sensors /etc/monit/conf-enabled/

Finally, reload the Monit service on Debian 11:

sudo monit reload

That’s it, you are done.


At this point, you have learned to Install and Configure Monit Service Manager on Debian 11. Also, you have learned to add services to be monitored on Monit.

Hope you enjoy it. You may be like these articles:

How To Set up Adminer on Debian 11

Install and Configure Jekyll on Debian 11

How To Install MonoDevelop on Debian 11

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