How To Upgrade Ubuntu 18.04 to 20.04 From CLI

In this article, we want to teach you How To Upgrade Ubuntu 18.04 to 20.04 From CLI.

Long-Term Support (LTS) release is normally associated with an application or an operating system for which you will get security, maintenance, and feature updates for a longer duration of time.

Ubuntu 20.04 is the latest Ubuntu LTS release, with security patches and updates available until 2025.

In this guide, you will learn to upgrade your Ubuntu 18.04 to 20.04 from the command line using the Linux commands.

How To Upgrade Ubuntu 18.04 to 20.04 From CLI

Before you start to complete this guide, you need to log in to your Ubuntu 18.04 as a root or non-root user with sudo privileges.

Now follow the steps below to upgrade your Ubuntu 18.04 to 20.04 LTS.

Get backup from Ubuntu 18.04

First, it is important to make a backup from your server before you start to upgrade it.

Note down your Ubuntu Linux version with the following command:

lsb_release -a
Output
No LSB modules are available.
Distributor ID: Ubuntu
Description: Ubuntu 18.04 LTS
Release: 18.04
Codename: bionic

Next, you need to note down your Linux kernel version too with the command below:

uname -mrs
Output
Linux 4.15.0-22-generic x86_64

Update and Upgrade all packages on Ubuntu 18.04

At this point, you need to update and upgrade your local package index on Ubuntu with the following commands:

# sudo apt update
# sudo apt list --upgradable
# sudo apt upgrade

During your upgrading the server you will be asked to restart the services without asking, press yes to continue, and keep the local version currently installed.

When your updating and upgrading your Ubuntu 18.04 is completed, you need to reboot your server with the command below:

sudo reboot

Then, you need to remove the unused old kernels with the following command:

sudo apt --purge autoremove

Next, you need to make sure that you install the update-manager-core package:

sudo apt install update-manager-core

Now you can start to upgrade your Ubuntu 18.04 to the latest LTS release.

Upgrade Ubuntu 18.04 to 20.04 (LTS)

To upgrade your Ubuntu 18.04 to 20.04, you need to run the do-release-upgrade command:

sudo do-release-upgrade

If you get the following message, you need to run the command above with the -d option:

Checking for a new Ubuntu release
There is no development version of an LTS available.
To upgrade to the latest non-LTS develoment release 
set Prompt=normal in /etc/update-manager/release-upgrades.
sudo do-release-upgrade -d

During the upgrading, you will be asked some questions. Just press y to continue, and keep the local version currently installed. Also, you need to choose your GRUB installation location and press ok.

When you are finished, restart your server to complete your upgrading.

System upgrade is complete.

Restart required 

To finish the upgrade, a restart is required. 
If you select 'y' the system will be restarted. 

Continue [yN] y

After restarting, you can check your Ubuntu Linux version to see that you have successfully upgraded Ubuntu 18.04 to 20.04:

lsb_release -a
Output
No LSB modules are available.
Distributor ID: Ubuntu
Description: Ubuntu 20.04.4 LTS
Release: 20.04
Codename: focal

Also, you can verify the Linux Kernel version:

uname -mrs
Output
Linux 5.4.0-100-generic x86_64

Conclusion

At this point, you learn to Upgrade Ubuntu 18.04 to 20.04 From CLI.

Hope you enjoy it.

May you will be interested in these articles too:

How To Convert Centos 8 to AlmaLinux 8.

How To Upgrade Debian 10 to Debian 11.

Related Articles

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Latest Articles

POPULAR TAGS

Most Popular